Small Claims Court
The Small Claims Court deals with civil claims worth the principal amount of $35,000, or the equivalent in the return of property, plus costs, disbursements, and pre and post judgment interest. Common claims include breach of contract, torts, and statutory liabilities.
Breach of Contract
When 2 or more people form an agreement, either in writing or verbally, to provide something of value to each other this forms what is called a contract. The terms of a contract are legally enforceable. Damages for breach of contract are, generally, intended to place the Plaintiff in a situation that is as similar as possible to the situation that the Plaintiff would be in had the contract not been breached. Common breach of contract claims include unpaid invoices, consumer disputes, and defective workmanship.
Torts are civil causes of action that were created by court precedent. Many torts have their roots in foreign common law legal systems, commonly England. The purpose of torts is to place a Plaintiff in a position that is as close as possible to the position that they would be in had they not been wronged.
Statutory liabilities are claims that have their basis in laws passed by the legislative branch of government. Some statutory liabilities have their roots in common law precedent or torts, which can result in a lot of overlap. Common statutory liabilities include damages and harm caused by a dog and consumer disputes.